The sleeve gastrectomy is a restrictive surgery that involves resection approximately 70 to 80% of the stomach leaving a narrow tube limited capacity to generate early satiety in the patient, have been attributed to this procedure hormonal factors, because with this surgery It decreases by 80% the production of ghrelin hormone (hormone appetite), therefore in a period of 12-18 months the patient does not feel hunger. The average weight loss in 12 months is about 65-70%.
Bariatric surgery is currently the most performed in the world to be less invasive than gastric bypass and showing excellent results in weight loss. It is a safe surgery in patients with mild and severe obesity, and is also a very suitable surgery for adolescent patients. Before surgery preoperative studies should be done as well as a medical and psychological assessment to determine the optimal health.
Patients suffering from a disease (diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, sleep apnea) may be undergoing surgery, provided their disease is in control, after surgery due to weight loss until there is an improvement of 80-90% of his sufferings.
It is performed laparoscopic surgery through small incisions of about 2cm.
The portion of the stomach that produces the hunger hormone (ghrelin) is removed
The stomach is reduced in size, but it works normally.
Fast recovery, most patients are discharged between the second and third day.