The sleeve gastrectomy is a restrictive surgery that involves resection approximately 70 to 80% of the stomach leaving a narrow tube limited capacity to generate early satiety in the patient, have been attributed to this procedure hormonal factors, because with this surgery It decreases by 80% the production of ghrelin hormone (hormone appetite), therefore in a period of 12-18 months the patient does not feel hunger. The average weight loss in 12 months is about 65-70%.
Bariatric surgery is currently the most performed in the world to be less invasive than gastric bypass and showing excellent results in weight loss.
It is a safe surgery in patients with mild and severe obesity, and is also a very suitable surgery for adolescent patients.
Before surgery preoperative studies should be done as well as a medical and psychological assessment to determine the optimal health.
Patients suffering from a disease (diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, sleep apnea) may be undergoing surgery, provided their disease is in control, after surgery due to weight loss until there is an improvement of 80-90% of his sufferings.
- It is performed laparoscopic surgery through small incisions of about 2cm.
- The portion of the stomach that produces the hunger hormone (ghrelin) is removed
- The stomach is reduced in size, but it works normally.
- Fast recovery, most patients are discharged between the second and third day.
- Low risk of malnutrition
- No implant is placed, adjustment is not necessary
- Greater weight loss than gastric banding